On August 9, 1945, during the final stages of World War II, the United States dropped an atomic bomb named “Fat Man” on the Japanese city of Nagasaki. The bomb, with an estimated yield of 21 kilotons of TNT, detonated over the densely populated Urakami Valley, causing widespread destruction and loss of life.

The immediate impact of the Nagasaki bombing was catastrophic. Approximately 40,000 to 75,000 people were killed instantly, with many more suffering from severe injuries. The explosion and ensuing firestorms ravaged buildings and infrastructure within a radius of about 1.6 kilometers from the epicenter.

The human toll continued to rise in the aftermath of the bombing due to the effects of radiation. The long-term consequences of exposure to radiation resulted in an increased risk of cancer, birth defects, and other health complications for survivors and their descendants.

The exact number of fatalities and injuries caused by the Nagasaki bombing is difficult to determine precisely due to the chaos and lack of accurate records during that time. The estimated death toll includes both immediate casualties and those who succumbed to their injuries in the following weeks and months. The overall destruction and loss of life in Nagasaki were tragic reminders of the devastating power of nuclear weapons.

The bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki played a significant role in Japan’s decision to surrender unconditionally, leading to the end of World War II. However, these events continue to be subjects of ethical debates regarding the use of nuclear weapons and their long-lasting humanitarian consequences.

Hidetsugu Aihara

Charles Levy

Hiromichi Matsuda

Shigeo Hayashi

Joe O’Donnell

Yōsuke Yamahata